By Roger Turvey
The Welsh princes have been some of the most vital ruling elite in medieval Western Europe and this article examines their habit, impact and tool. From the mid-eleventh century to the tip of the 13th, conquest and international 'colonial' cost profoundly reworked Wales. vast alterations came about within the political, fiscal, social and spiritual spheres, and Welsh tradition was once considerably affected. Roger Turvey seems at this alteration, its effect at the Welsh princes and the half they themselves performed in it. Drawing out the human traits of flesh and blood characters, Turvey paints a brilliant and compelling photo of a desirable elite. For these drawn to Medieval or British heritage.
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Extra resources for The Welsh Princes: The Native Rulers of Wales, 1063-1283
Gwynedd’s military strength and superior resources eventually prevailed in as much as the truculent rulers of a divided Powys had largely succumbed, certainly by the 1220s, to the hegemony of their bitter rivals. · 20 · FAMILY, DESCENT AND INHERITANCE Evolution of the native principalities and princely authority If territorial disputes between kingdoms were common, so were those within kingdoms, particularly in cases where smaller units had been reluctantly absorbed into larger ones. Absorption betokens expansion which, in turn, fuelled dispute, for in the acquisition of additional lands the sins of envy, greed and rivalry were bred.
Membership of the dynasties of Deheubarth and Powys seemed to be among the most precarious, with some 14 of their number suffering death or maiming at the hands of their dynastic rivals between 1076 and 1160. Only when there emerged a leader of exceptional authority and skill could a kingdom transcend this internal violence and make its mark on the wider political stage. Consequently, the twin elements of territorial fluidity and political fragility predominated, so that political unity was invariably transient and ephemeral, achieved by military might alone.
Walter Map, De Nugis Curialium (Courtiers’ Trifles), ed. and trans. R. James (Oxford, 1983). 12. , xix. 13. Gerald’s Speculum Duorum, ed. M. Richter, Y. C. Huygens, trans. B. Dawson (Cardiff, 1974); Journey & Description; Autobiog. 14. Mediaeval Prince. 15. T. Gunther, Early Science in Oxford 14: Life and Letters of Edward Lhwyd (Oxford, 1945), 371. · 13 · THE WELSH PRINCES chapter one FAMILY, DESCENT AND INHERITANCE: THE PRINCES AND THEIR PRINCIPALITIES W ho and what were the Welsh princes? Put simply, and as their title implies, they were men of status and of power.
The Welsh Princes: The Native Rulers of Wales, 1063-1283 by Roger Turvey