By Gianluca Carnabuci
Why do sure domain names of human wisdom develop swifter than others? This thesis units out to respond to this question by way of elaborating upon the thought that new rules spring from hybridizations of latest rules. over the years, such hybridizations shape a path-dependent community constitution of interconnected and interconnecting wisdom domain names. This thesis develops a network-analytic method of version this constitution and to enquire its results. in line with all technological wisdom patented within the usa among 1975 and 1999, this thesis demonstrates that the community place a data area is embedded in at a given cut-off date impacts its next development customers in vital and predictable methods.
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Lanjouw (1998), Lanjouw and Lerner (1997), and Lanjouw and Schankerman (1999) found that more valuable patents are more likely to be enforced through lawsuits. Tong and Frame (1994) related the inventive content of a patent to its number of claims, a finding only in part corroborated by Lanjouw and Schankerman (1997, 1999). Harhoff et al. (2003) found that patent citations to scientific sources, indicating a strong knowledge base, impact patents’ monetary value. In an investigation of biotechnology and pharmaceutical patents, however, Harhoff and Reitzig (2004) did not observe a significant influence of the number of scientific citations on the probability that a patent is opposed (considered as a value indicator).
1). 000 patents per year until the middle eighties, when it began to increase steadily. 000 patents per year at the end of the nineties. S. S. assignees in the last 25 years, although the USPTO patent and patent citations data 33 1997/1998 acceleration seems to be due in equal measure to both. S. S. inventors, the USPTO is by far the most internationalized patent authority worldwide. d. 1 Application-grant lag distribution by 3-year sub-periods Source: adapted from Hall et al. (2001) Approximately 17% of all USPTO patents between 1975 and 1999 are assigned to inventors who have not (yet) granted the rights to their invention to a legal entity such as a corporation or a university.
12 Distribution of forward citation lags, selected cohorts Source: Hall et al. (2001) III. THE NBER DATA AS INDICATORS OF KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS In the previous sections, I described statistically the processes of patent production and patent citation as observed in the NBER data. Based on these analyses, in this section I point out potentially problematic issues related to using the NBER data to instantiate my network model of knowledge growth, and I indicate solutions thereof. III. I. TIME OF PATENT GRANT To instantiate my network model of knowledge growth, domains’ knowledge output can be measured by means of patent or citation counts, while domains’ hybridization patterns can be tracked back on the basis of patent citations (Chapter 2).
A Theory of Knowledge Growth by Gianluca Carnabuci