Read e-book online A Companion to Applied Ethics (Blackwell Companions to PDF

ISBN-10: 1557865949

ISBN-13: 9781557865946

Utilized or useful ethics might be the most important development zone in philosophy at the present time, and lots of matters in ethical, social, and political existence have come less than philosophical scrutiny in recent times. Taken jointly, the essays during this quantity – together with evaluate essays on theories of ethics and the character of utilized ethics – offer a cutting-edge account of the main urgent ethical questions dealing with us today.

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Table of Contents

Part I: The prestige of Morality

1. Of the Influencing explanations of the need and ethical differences now not Derived from cause - David Hume
2. A Critique of Ethics - A. J. Ayer
3. The Subjectivity of Values - J. L. Mackie
4. Ethics and remark - Gilbert Harman
5. ethical Relativism Defended - Gilbert Harman
6. Cultural Relativism - Harry Gensler
7. The Subject-Matter of Ethics - G. E. Moore
8. Ethics as Philosophy: A protection of moral Nonnaturalism - Russ Shafer-Landau
9. Realism - Michael Smith

Part II: ethical wisdom

10. puzzling over instances - Shelly Kagan
11. yet i may be flawed - George Sher
12. facts - Renford Bambrough
13. ethical wisdom and moral Pluralism - Robert Audi
14. Coherentism and the Justification of ethical ideals - Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

Part III: Why Be Moral?

15. The Immoralist’s problem - Plato
16. Morality as a procedure of Hypothetical Imperatives - Philippa Foot
17. A Puzzle in regards to the Rational Authority of Morality - David O. Brink
18. ethical Rationalism - Russ Shafer-Landau
19. mental Egoism - Joel Feinberg
20. Flourishing Egoism - Lester Hunt
21. moral Egoism - James Rachels
22. ethical Saints - Susan Wolf

Part IV: Ethics and faith

23. Euthyphro - Plato
24. a brand new Divine Command idea - Robert Merrihew Adams
25. God and target Morality: A Debate - William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
26. God and Immortality as Postulates of natural useful cause - Immanuel Kant
27. God and the ethical Order - C. Stephen Layman
28. God and Morality - Erik Wielenberg

Part V: Value

29. Hedonism- John Stuart Mill
30. The adventure computer - Robert Nozick
31. the great existence: A safety of Attitudinal Hedonism - Fred Feldman
32. Rationality and entire info - Thomas Carson
33. wish and the Human solid - Richard Kraut
34. What Makes Someone’s lifestyles cross most sensible - Derek Parfit
35. What issues are sturdy? - W. D. Ross

Part VI: ethical Responsibility

36. Determinism and the idea of company - Richard Taylor
37. The Impossibility of ethical accountability - Galen Strawson
38. Freedom and Necessity - A. J. Ayer
39. ethical success - Thomas Nagel
40. Sanity and the Metaphysics of accountability - Susan Wolf
41. Freedom and Resentment - Peter Strawson

Part VII: ethical Standing

42. we haven't any tasks to Animals - Immanuel Kant
43. All Animals are equivalent - Peter Singer
44. The Rights of Animals and Unborn Generations - Joel Feinberg
45. On Being Morally massive - Kenneth Goodpaster
46. Abortion and Infanticide - Michael Tooley
47. a controversy that Abortion is incorrect - Don Marquis

Part VIII: Consequentialism

48. Utilitarianism - John Stuart Mill
49. severe and constrained Utilitarianism - J. J. C. Smart
50. Rule-Consequentialism - Brad Hooker
51. Alienation, Consequentialism, and the calls for of Morality - Peter Railton
52. what's wrong with Slavery - R. M. Hare
53. Famine, Affluence and Morality - Peter Singer
54. The Survival Lottery - John Harris

Part IX: Deontology

55. foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals - Immanuel Kant
56. Kant’s formulation of common legislation - Christine Korsgaard
57. Kantian techniques to a few Famine difficulties - Onora O’Neill
58. The Rationality of aspect Constraints - Robert Nozick
59. The Golden Rule Rationalized - Alan Gewirth
60. the matter of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double impression - Philippa Foot
61. Killing, Letting Die, and the Trolley challenge - Judith Jarvis Thomson

Part X: Contractarianism

62. Leviathan - Thomas Hobbes
63. Why Contractarianism? - David Gauthier
64. A idea of Justice - John Rawls
65. Contractualism and Utilitarianism - T. M. Scanlon

Part XI: advantage Ethics

66. the character of advantage - Aristotle
67. Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian process - Martha Nussbaum
68. Normative advantage Ethics - Rosalind Hursthouse
69. Agent-Based advantage Ethics - Michael Slote
70. A advantage moral Account of correct motion - Christine Swanton
71. Being Virtuous and Doing the appropriate factor - Julia Annas

Part XII: Feminist Ethics

72. In a distinct Voice - Carol Gilligan
73. An Ethic of being concerned - Nell Noddings
74. Justice, Care, and Gender Bias - Cheshire Calhoun
75. the necessity for greater than Justice - Annette Baier
76. Sexism - Marilyn Frye
77. Feminist Skepticism, Authority, and Transparency - Margaret city Walker

Part XIII: Prima Facie tasks and Particularism

78. What Makes correct Acts correct? - W. D. Ross
79. An Unconnected Heap of tasks? - David McNaughton
80. An Unprincipled Morality - Jonathan Dancy
81. On understanding the “Why”: Particularism and ethical idea - Margaret Olivia Little
82. Unprincipled Ethics - Gerald Dworkin

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In Morality, Autonomy, and God, acclaimed philosopher-theologian Keith Ward argues a powerful debatable thesis: that morality isn't really self sufficient, and that theistic morality is deeply rational and of serious significance, specifically in glossy societies. Referring intimately to modern paintings in ethical philosophy, particularly the place it impinges on spiritual ideals, Ward defends the view that sure conceptions of morality count, in vital methods, upon the assumption in God.

Extra info for A Companion to Applied Ethics (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

Example text

New York: Oxford University Press Altaian A (1983) Pragmatism and applied ethics American Philosophical Quarterly, 20: 227-35 Beauchamp T L and Childress J F (2001) Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 5th edn New York: Oxford University Press Brock D W (1987) Truth or consequences: the role of philosophers in policy-making Ethics, 97: 786-91 Daniels N (1996) Wide reflective equilibrium in practice In L W Sumner and J Boyle (eds) Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics, pp 96-114 Toronto: University of Toronto Press DeGrazia D (1992) Moving forward in bioethical theory: theories cases and specified principlism Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 17: 511-39 15 TOM L BEAUCHAMP Dworkin R (1993) Life's Dominion: An Argument about Abortion Euthanasia and Individual Fd Feinberg J (1984-7) Th Ml Liit f th C i i l L 4 vols New York: Oxford University Press Freeman E and Werhane P (eds) (1997) Dictionary of Business Ethics Cambridge MA: Mthil hy 20: 222-34 Maclntyre A (1984) Does applied ethics rest on a mistake?

New York: Columbia University Press Ross W D (1963) The Right and the Good. Oxford: Clarendon Press Rousseau Jean-Jacques (1987) The Social Contract. In The Basic Political Writings, trans Donald A Cress Indianapolis IN: Hackett Scanlon T M (1998) What We Owe to Each Other. Cambridge MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Slote Michael (1992) From Morality to Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press Thomson Judith (1976) Killing letting die and the trolley problem The Monist, 59: 204-17 Williams Bernard (1985) Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy.

New York: Columbia University Press Richardson H S (1990) Specifying norms as a way to resolve concrete ethical problems Philosophy and Public Affairs, 19: 279-310 (2000) Specifying balancing and interpreting bioethical principles Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 25: 285-307 Further reading Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (1996) Final Report. New York: Oxford University Press Altaian A (1983) Pragmatism and applied ethics American Philosophical Quarterly, 20: 227-35 Beauchamp T L and Childress J F (2001) Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 5th edn New York: Oxford University Press Brock D W (1987) Truth or consequences: the role of philosophers in policy-making Ethics, 97: 786-91 Daniels N (1996) Wide reflective equilibrium in practice In L W Sumner and J Boyle (eds) Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics, pp 96-114 Toronto: University of Toronto Press DeGrazia D (1992) Moving forward in bioethical theory: theories cases and specified principlism Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 17: 511-39 15 TOM L BEAUCHAMP Dworkin R (1993) Life's Dominion: An Argument about Abortion Euthanasia and Individual Fd Feinberg J (1984-7) Th Ml Liit f th C i i l L 4 vols New York: Oxford University Press Freeman E and Werhane P (eds) (1997) Dictionary of Business Ethics Cambridge MA: Mthil hy 20: 222-34 Maclntyre A (1984) Does applied ethics rest on a mistake?

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